Anandashram Sanskrit Series (Anandashram Samskrita Granthavali)

cover ASSAnandashram Samskrita Granthavali (Anandashram Sanskrit Series) is a collection of ancient, very rare Sanskrit works published by Anandashram, Pune from the year 1888 to 1942. A total of 144 books on Vedasamhita, Aranyakas, Brahmanas, Upanishads, Srautasutras, Grahyasutras, Mimamsa, Puranas, Kavya, Vyakarakana, etc were published under this series. Out of this, four books are in Marathi which are not uploaded here. Those who wish to buy hard copies of the books may contact the publishers via http://anandashram-sanstha.org/index.html

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Anandashram Sanskrit Series

ASS_001. Sri Ganesa Atharvasirsham Sabhashyam – Vamansastri Islampurkar 1889
ASS_002. Rudradhyaya with Commentaries of Sayana & Bhattabhaskara – Anandasram
ASS_003. Purushasukta with Sayanabhashya – GB Kale 1952
ASS_004. Yogaratnakara – Anna Moresvar Kunte 1889
ASS_005. Isavasya Upanishad with Skt Commentaries – Rajaram Sastri Bodas 1905
ASS_006. Kenopanishad with Sankarabhashya & Tika – Balasastri Agase 1909
ASS_007. Kathopanishad Sankarabhashya with 2 Tikas – Vaijnath Rajwade 1935
ASS_008. Prasnopanishad Sankarabhashya with Anandagiri’s Tika & Sankarananda’s Dipika 1911
ASS_009. Mundakopanishad Sankarabhashya with Anandagiri’s Tika & Sankarananda’s Dipika 1935
ASS_010. Mandukyopanishad with Karika – Abhajisarma Kathawade 1923
ASS_011. Aitareyopanishad Sankarabhashya with Anandagiri’s Tika & Vidyaranya’s Dipika 1931
ASS_012. Taittiriyopanishatsatikashankarabhashyopeta – Vamansastri Islampurkar 1889
ASS_013. Taittiriyopanishadbashyavartikam – HN Apte 1889
ASS_014. Chandogyopanishad Sankarabhashya with Anandagiri’s Tika – Kasinath Sastri Agase 1934
ASS_015. Brihadaranyakopanishat Sankara Bhashyam & Anandagiri Tika – KS Agase 1891
ASS_016. Brahadaranyakopnishad Bhashya Vartikam Vol 1 (Sambandhavartika) – KS Agase 1892
ASS_016. Brahadaranyakopnishad Bhashya Vartikam Vol 2 (Chapters 1-2) – KS Agase 1893
ASS_016. Brahadaranyakopnishad Bhashya Vartikam Vol 3 (Chapters 3-6) – KS Agase 1893
ASS_017. Svetasvatara Upanishad with Sankara Bhashya & 3 Commenataries – VG Apte 1927
ASS_018. Saura Purana – Kasinathsastri Lele 1924
ASS_019. Rasaratnasamuchchaya – Krishnarao Sarma Bapat 1890
ASS_020. Jivanmuktiviveka with AR Modak’s Commentary – Ganeshsastri Gokhale 1916
ASS_021. Brahmasutra Sankarabhashya with Anandagiri Tika Part 1 – Anandasram 1890
ASS_021. Brahmasutra Sankarabhashya with Anandagiri Tika Part 2 – Anandasram 1891
ASS_022. Sankaravijaya of Vidyaranya with Tika of DhanapatiS​uri – MC Apte 1921
ASS_023. Vaiyasika Nyaya Mala – Pandita Sivadatta Dadhicha 1891
ASS_024. Jaiminiyanyayamala with Vistara 1892
ASS_025. Sutasamhita with Tatparyadipikaa Part 1 – VS Pansikar 1891
ASS_025. Sutasamhita with Tatparyadipikaa Part 2 – VS Pansikar 1891
ASS_025. Sutasamhita with Tatparyadipikaa Part 3 – VS Pansikar 1925
ASS_026. Hastyayurvedah of Palakapya Muni – Sivadatta Sarma 1894
ASS_027. Vrindamadhavaparanama Siddhayogah – Hanumat Sastri Padhye 1891
ASS_028. Brahmapurana of Vedavyasa 1895
ASS_029. Upanishadam Samucchayah (32 Upanishads) – HN Apte 1895
ASS_030. Nrisimhapurvottaratapaniyopanishat with Sankarabhashya & Dipika of Vidyaranya  1929
ASS_031. Brihadaranyakopanishad with Mitakshara of Nityanandamuni – KS Agase 1895
ASS_032. Aitareya Brahmanam with Sayanabhashya Part 1 – Kasinathsastri Agase 1896
ASS_032. Aitareya Brahmanam with Sayanabhashya Part 2 – Kasinathsastri Agase 1896
ASS_033. Rajanighantusahito Dhanwantariya Nighantuh – Vaidyanarayana Sarma Purandare 1896
ASS_034. Bhagavad Gita Sankara Bhashya – Kashinath Sastri Agase 1927
ASS_034. Bhagavad Gita Sankara Bhashya with Anandagiri Tika – Kasinath Sastri Agase 1896
ASS_035. Sangita Ratnakara with Kalanidhi Tika  Part 1 – MR Telang 1942
ASS_035. Sangita Ratnakara with Kalanidhi Tika  Part 2 – MR Telang 1942
ASS_036. Taittiriya Aranyakam with Sayana Bhashya Part 1 – Babasastri Phadke 1898
ASS_036. Taittiriya Aranyakam with Sayana Bhashya Part 2 – Babasastri Phadke 1927
ASS_037. Taittiriya Brahmanam with Sayanabhashya Part 1 – Narayanasastri Godbole 1934
ASS_037. Taittiriya Brahmanam with Sayanabhashya Part 2 – Narayanasastri Godbole 1898
ASS_037. Taittiriya Brahmanam with Sayanabhashya Part 3 – Narayanasastri Godbole 1898
ASS_038. Aitareyaranyakam with Sayanabhashya – Babasastri Phadke 1898
ASS_039. Samskara Ratnamala of Bhatta Gopinatha Dikshita Part 1 – KS Agase 1899
ASS_039. Samskara Ratnamala of Bhatta Gopinatha Dikshita Part 2 – KS Agase 1899
ASS_040. Sandhya Bhashya Samuchaya with 5 Commentaries – KS Agase 1899
ASS_041. Agnipuranam – Sanskrit – Anandasram 1900
ASS_042. Taittiriya Samhita with Sayanabhashya Part 1 – Kasinath Sastri Agase 1940
ASS_042. Taittiriya Samhita with Sayanabhashya Part 2 – Kasinath Sastri Agase 1940
ASS_042. Taittiriya Samhita with Sayanabhashya Part 3 – Kasinath Sastri Agase 1947
ASS_042. Taittiriya Samhita with Sayanabhashya Part 4 – Kasinath Sastri Agase 1946
ASS_042. Taittiriya Samhita with Sayanabhashya Part 5 – Kasinath Sastri Agase 1946
ASS_042. Taittiriya Samhita with Sayanabhashya Part 6 – Kasinath Sastri Agase 1946
ASS_042. Taittiriya Samhita with Sayanabhashya Part 7 – Kasinath Sastri Agase 1949
ASS_042. Taittiriya Samhita with Sayanabhashya Part 8 – Kasinath Sastri Agase 1951
ASS_042. Taittiriya Samhita with Sayanabhashya Part 9 – Kasinath Sastri Agase 1947
ASS_043. Vaiyakarana Siddhanta Karika of Bhattoji Dikshita – HN Apte 1909
ASS_044. Bhagavad Gita with Paisachabhashya – Kasinath Sastri Agase 1933
ASS_045. Bhagavad Gita with Gudharthadipika & Subodhini – Kasinath Sastri Agase 1901
ASS_046. Yajnavalkya Smriti with Aparaditya’s Tippani Part 1 – HN Apte 1903
ASS_046. Yajnavalkya Smriti with Aparaditya’s Tippani Part 2 – HN Apte 1903
ASS_047. Patanjalayogasutrani with Vyasabhashya, Bhojavritti & Vachaspatimishra’s Tika – KS Agase 1919
ASS_048. Smritinam Samuchchaya – Anandasram 1905
ASS_049. Vayu Puranam of Vedavyasa – HN Apte 1905
ASS_050. Yatindrmatadipika with Vyakhya – VS Abhyankar 1934
ASS_051. Sarvadarshana Sangraha with Prasthanabheda – VG Apte 1950
ASS_052. Ganesa Gita with Tika of Nilakantha – HN Apte 1906
ASS_053. Satyashada Virachita Srautasutra Part 01 – Kasinathsastri Agase 1907
ASS_053. Satyashada Virachita Srautasutra Part 02 – Kasinathsastri Agase 1907
ASS_053. Satyashada Virachita Srautasutra Part 03 – Kasinathsastri Agase 1908
ASS_053. Satyashada Virachita Srautasutra Part 04 – Kasinathsastri Agase 1908
ASS_053. Satyashada Virachita Srautasutra Part 05 – Kasinathsastri Agase 1927
ASS_053. Satyashada Virachita Srautasutra Part 06 – Kasinathsastri Agase 1927
ASS_053. Satyashada Virachita Srautasutra Part 07 – Kasinathsastri Agase 1928
ASS_053. Satyashada Virachita Srautasutra Part 08 – Kasinathsastri Agase 1929
ASS_053. Satyashada Virachita Srautasutra Part 09 – Kasinathsastri Agase 1930
ASS_053. Satyashada Virachita Srautasutra Part 10 – Kasinathsastri Agase 1932
ASS_054. Matsya Puranam of Vedavyasa 1907 (NEW)
ASS_055. Purushartha Chintamani of Vishnusastri Athavale – Bhaskarsastri Pavagi 1907
ASS_056. Nityashodhasikarnava with Setubandha Vyakhya – Kasinathsastri Agase 1908
ASS_057. Acharabhushanam of Tryambak Oka 1905
ASS_058. Acharendu of Tryambak Mate – Dattatreya Sastri Agase 1909
ASS_059. Shraddhamanjari – Dattatreyasastri Agase 1909
ASS_060. Yatidharamasangrah of Visweswara Saraswati – GS Gokhale 1928
ASS_061. Gautamapranita Dharmasutrani with Mitakshara – Ganesh Sastri Gokhale 1931
ASS_062. Isha to Taittiriya with Visishtadvaita Commentaries – HN Apte 1910
ASS_063. Chandogyopanishad with Ramanujabhashya – Ganeshsastri Gokhale 1910
ASS_064. Brahadaranyakopanishad with Prakasika by Rangaramanuja – SS Venegavkar 1911
ASS_065. Sankhayana Brahmanam – Gulabrao Vajhesankar Chaya 1911
ASS_066. Kavyaprakasa with Udyota of Nagojibhatta & Pradipa
ASS_067. Brahmasutra with Dipika and Brahmamritavarshini – VG Apte 1911
ASS_068. Brihat Brahmasamhita – SS Venegavkar 1912
ASS_069. Jnanarnava Tantram – Ganeshsastri Gokhale 1952
ASS_070. Smrityarthasara of Sridharacharya – Ranganath Sastri Vaidya 1912
ASS_071. Brahadyogatarangini Part 1 – Hanumant Sastri Padhye 1935
ASS_071. Brahadyogatarangini Part 2 – Hanumant Sastri Padhye 1935
ASS_072. Paribhashendusekhara with Tika of Vaidyanatha – Ganeshsastri Gokhale 1913
ASS_073. Gayatripurascharanapaddhati – Ranganath Sastri Vaidya 1937
ASS_074. Drahyayana Grahyasutravritti – Ganeshsastri Gokhale 1914
ASS_075. Bhashhyartha Ratnamala of Subrahmanya –  Ganeshsastri Gokhale 1915
ASS_076. Isakenakathopanishadah Digambaranuchari Vyakhya – SS Pathak 1915
ASS_077. Vedanta Sutra Muktavali of Brahmananda Saraswati – Ganesh Sastri Gokhale 1915
ASS_078. Tristhalisetu of Narayana Bhatta – Ganesh Sastri Gokhale 1915
ASS_079. Chandogyopanishad with Mitakshari of Nityanandamuni – Anandasram
ASS_080. Vakyavritti of Sri Sankaracharya with Tika – Ranganathsastri Vaidya 1915
ASS_081. Asvalayana Srautasutra with Vritti of Narayana – Ganesh Sastri Gokhale 1917
ASS_082. Brahmasutra Vritti of Hari Dikshita – Ranganathsastri Vaidya 1917
ASS_083. Samkshepa Sariraka with Subodhini & Prakasika Tikas Part 1 – R Vaidya 1918
ASS_083. Samkshepa Sariraka with Subodhini & Prakasika Tikas Part 2 – R Vaidya 1918
ASS_084. Advaitamoda of Vasudev Abhyankar – KV Abhyankar 1975
ASS_085. Jyotirnibandha – Ranganath Sastri Vaidya 1919
ASS_086. Vidhanamala of Nrisimhabhatta – SS Marulkar 1920
ASS_087. Agnihotrachandrika of Kinjawadekar – KS Agase 1921
ASS_088. Niruktam with Durgacharya’s Vritti Part 1 – VK Rajawade 1921
ASS_088. Niruktam with Durgacharya’s Vritti Part 2 – VK Rajawade 1926
ASS_089. Kavyaprakasa with Sanketa of Manikyachandra – VS Abhyankar 1921
ASS_090. Sankhayanaranyakam – Sridhar Sastri Pathak 1922
ASS_091. Nyayasutra with Vritti – Digambar Sastri Johi 1922
ASS_092. Bhagavad Gita with Ramanuja Bhashya & Venkatanatha’s Tika
ASS_093. Darsapurnamasaprakasa of Vamansastri Kinjawadekar – Ramadikshita 1924
ASS_094. Samskarapaddhati of Bhaskarsastri Abhyankar – VS Abhyankar 1924
ASS_095. Kasyapasilpam – Krishnaraya Vajhe 1926
ASS_096. Karanakaustubha of Krishna Daivajna – VG Apte 1927
ASS_097. Mimamsadarsana Part 1 (with Sabarabhashya & Prabhavyakhya) – Subbasastri 1929
ASS_097. Mimamsadarsana Part 2 (with Sabarabhashya & Tantravartika) – Subbasastri 1930
ASS_097. Mimamsadarsana Part 3 (with Sabarabhashya & Tantravartika) – Subbasastri 1931
ASS_097. Mimamsadarsana Part 4 (with Sabarabhashya & Tup Tika) – Subbasastri 1932
ASS_097. Mimamsadarsana Part 5 (with Sabarabhashya & Tup Tika) – Subbasastri 1933
ASS_097. Mimamsadarsana Part 6 (with Sabarabhashya & Tup Tika) – Subbasastri 1934
ASS_097. Mimamsadarsana Part 7 (with Sabarabhashya & Tup Tika) – Subbasastri 1934
ASS_098. Dharmatatvanirnaya – VS Abhyankar 1929
ASS_098. Dharmatatvanirnaya – Parisishtam – VS Abhyankar 1931
ASS_099. Bhaskariya Bijaganitam of Krishna Daivajna – Dattatreya Apte 1930
ASS_100. Prayaschittendusekhara & Kundarka – Sankarsastri Marulkar 1931
ASS_101. Sankarapadabhusanam Raghunatha Suri Part 1 – SS Marulkar 1932
ASS_101. Sankarapadabhusanam Raghunatha Suri Part 2 – SS Marulkar 1932
ASS_102. Brahmavaivata Purana Part 1 – Vasudevsastri Marathe 1935
ASS_102. Brahmavaivata Purana Part 2 – Vasudevsastri Marathe 1935
ASS_103. Srutisarasamuddharanam with Skt Commentary by Sachidanandayogi – 1936
ASS_104. Trinsachchloki with Vivriti & Tippani – SS Marulkar 1958
ASS_105. Asvalayana Grahyasutra with Vritti of Narayana – Purushottam Sastri Ranade 1936
ASS_106. Dasopanishadah – SS Marulkar 1937
ASS_107. Lilawati with Sanskrit Commentaries Part 1 – Dattatreya Apte 1937
ASS_107. Lilawati with Sanskrit Commentaries Part 2 – Dattatreya Apte 1937
ASS_108. Vyakaranamahabhashya with Udyota Part 1 (NEW)
ASS_108. Vyakaranamahabhashya with Udyota Part 2 (NEW)
ASS_109. Bhagavadgita Prathamadivitiyadhyayau with Advaitankuravyakya of VS Abhyankar 1938
ASS_110. Grahaganitadhyaya of Bhaskaracharya Part 1 – Dattatreya Apte 1931
ASS_110. Grahaganitadhyaya of Bhaskaracharya Part 2 – Dattatreya Apte 1941
ASS_111. Kayaparisuddhi of VS Abhyankar – SS Marulkar 1939
ASS_112. Bhagavad Gita with Sarvatobhadra (Kashmir Text) – SN Tadpatrikar 1939
ASS_113. Madhvatantramukhamardanam of Appayya Dishita – Ramachandra Sastri 1940
ASS_114. Rudradhyaya with Commentary of Vishnu Suri – SS Marulkar 1958
ASS_115. Rasaratnasamuchchayatika of Chintamani – PG Ranade (not found)
ASS_116. Dattakamimamsa with Commentary – SS Marulkar 1954
ASS_117. Brahmasutra Siddhanta Muktavali of Vanamali – Anandasram
ASS_118. Dattakachandrika with Sankari Vyakhya – SS Marulkar 1942
ASS_119. Kalamadhavakarika of Madhavacharya with Vivarna – SS Marulkar 1942
ASS_120. Tithichintamani (not found)
ASS_121. Vyavaharamala – Venkatarama Sarma 1943
ASS_122. Goladhyaya with 2 Tikas Part 1 – Dattatreya Apte 1943
ASS_122. Goladhyaya with 2 Tikas Part 2 – Dattatreya Apte 1943
ASS_123. Laghumaanasam With Commentary by Parameswara – BD Apte 1952
ASS_124. Dharmika Vimarsa Samuchchaya of Vidyasankarabharati Swami – SS Marulkar 1944
ASS_125. Kuttakara Siromani of Devaraja – Balvantraya Apte 1944
ASS_126. Mahabhaskariyam (NEW)
ASS_127. Satakatrayam (not found)
ASS_128. Laghubhaskariyam with Commentary by Parameswara – Balvantrai Apte 1946
ASS_129. Bodhaikyasiddhi of Achyutaraya Modak with Commentary Part 1 – SS Marulakar 1951
ASS_130. Adhanapaddhati – Vaman Sastri
ASS_131. Padma Puranam Part 1 – VN Mandalik 1893
ASS_131. Padma Puranam Part 2 – VN Mandalik 1894
ASS_131. Padma Puranam Part 3 – VN Mandalik 1894
ASS_131. Padma Puranam Part 4 – VN Mandalik 1894
ASS_132. Pasvalambhamimansa – VS Kinjawadekar 1923 (Anandasram)
ASS_133. Sivabharatam of Kavindra Paramananda – Purushotham Sastri Ranade 1930
ASS_134. Siddhantadarsanam with Niranjanabhashya – Sasimohan Smritiratna 1907
ASS_135. Vaiyyakarana Bhushanasara of Kaundabhatta – SS Marulkar 1957
ASS_136. Kamandakiya Nitisara Part 1 (not found)
ASS_136. Kamandakiya Nitisara Part 2 (not found)
ASS_136. Kamandakiya Nitisara Part 3 (not found)
ASS_137. Angatvaniruktih (NEW)
ASS_138. Svaraprakriya with Commentary – KV Abhyankar (not found)
ASS_139. Sivayogadipika of Sadasivayogisvara with Atmavidyavilasa 1907
ASS_140. Suktiratnakarah (not found)

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Trivandrum Sanskrit Series – Anantasayana Samskrita Granthavali

Trivandrum Sanskrit Series - DaivamTrivandrum Sanskrit Series (Anantasayana Samskrita Granthavali) is a collection of ancient, very rare and previously unpublished Sanskrit works published by Manuscripts Library, Trivandrum in the early part of 20th century. First book in Trivandrum Sanskrit Series – “Daivam”, a work on Sanskrit grammar, was published in 1905 edited by MM T. Ganapati Sastri. Nearly 100 texts were published within a short span of 20 years and the series continues to this day.

An article on Trivandrum Sanskrit Series written by G Harihara Sastri that appeared in Indian Historical Quarterly Volume 1 in 1925 describes the genesis and growth of this series and also evaluates the unique contributions of this series to the growth of Indological studies.

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Trivandrum Sanskrit Series

TSS-001 Daivam (Vyakarana) by Deva with Purusakara of Krishnalilasuka muni
TSS-002 Abhinavakausthubamala and Dakshinamurtistava by Krishnalilasukamuni
TSS-003 Nalabhyudaya (Kavya) by Vamana Bhatta Bana
TSS-004 Sivaleelarnava (Kavya) by Nilakanta Dikshita
TSS-005 Vyaktiviveka (Alankara) by Mahima Bhatta with commentary
TSS-006 Durghatavritti (Vyakarana) by Saranadeva
TSS-007 Brahmatatvaprakasika of Sadasivendra Sarasvati
TSS-008 Pradyumnabhyudaya (Nataka) by Ravi Varma Bhupa
TSS-009 Virupakshapanchasika (Vedanta) with the commentary of Vidyacharya
TSS-010 Matangalila (Gajalakshana) by Nilakanatha
TSS-011 Tapathisamvaranam (Nataka)Kulasekharavarma with the commentary of Sivarama
TSS-012 Paramarthasaram (Vedanta) by Adisesa with the commentary of Raghavananda
TSS-013 Subhadradhananjayam (Nataka) by Kulasekhara Varma with the commentary of Sivarama
TSS-014 Nitisara (Niti) by Kamandaka with the commentary of Sankararaya
TSS-015 Svapnavasavadattam (Nataka ) by Bhasa
TSS-016 Pratijnayaugandharayanam (Nataka) of Bhasa
TSS-017 Pancharatram (nataka) by Bhasa
TSS-018 Narayaneeyam (Stuti) by Narayana Bhattathiri with the commentary of Dasamangalavarya
TSS-019 Manameyodaya (Mimamsa) by Narayana  Pandita
TSS-020 Avimarakam (Nataka) Bhasa
TSS-021 Balacharitam (Nataka) Bhasa
TSS-022 Madhyamavyayoga Dutavakya Dutaghatotkacha karnabhara and Uirubhangam of Bhasa
TSS-023 Nanartharnavasamshepa Kesavasvamin Part 1
TSS-024 Janakiparinaya (Kavya)by chakrakavi
TSS-025 Kanadasidhantha Chandrika (Nyaya) by Gangadhara Suri (NEW)
TSS-026 Abhisekanatakam  by Bhasa
TSS-027 Kumarasambhava with the two commentaries Prakasika of Arunagirinatha and Vivarana of Narayana Pandita  Part 1
TSS-028 Vaikhanasadharmaprasna (Dharmasutra) by Vikhanas
TSS-029 Nanarthanavasamshepa (Kosa) by Kesavasvamin Part 2
TSS-030 Vastuvidya (silpa) (NEW)
TSS-031 Nanartharnavasamshepa of Kesavasvamin Part 3
TSS-032 Kumarasambhava (Kavya ) o+B169f Kalidasa with the two commentaries Part 2
TSS-033 Vararuchasangraha (Vyakarana) with the commentary of Dipaprabha of Narayana
TSS-034 Manidarpana (Nyaya) Rajachudamanimakhin
TSS-035 Manisara (Nyaya)of Gopinatha (NEW)
TSS-036 Kumarasambhava (Kavya) of Kalidasa with the two commentaries Part 3
TSS-037 Asouchashtakam (Smriti) by vararuchi with commentary
TSS-038 Namalinganusasanam (Kosa) by amarasimha with the commentary Tikasarvasva of Vandyaghatiya Sarvananda Part 1
TSS-039 Charudatham (Nataka ) Bhasa
TSS-040 Alankarasutram of Rajanaka Ruyyaka with the Alankarasarvasa of Mankhuka and its commentary by Smudrabandhin
TSS-041 Adhyatmapatalam (Vedanta) by Apasthamba with the vivarana of Sri Sankara Bhagavad Pada
TSS-042 Pratimanatakam of Bhasa
TSS-043 Namalinganusasanam (Kosa) by Amarasimha with Tikasarvasva of Vandyaghatiya Sarvananda Part 2
TSS-044 Tantrasuddham by Bhattaraka Vedottama (NEW)
TSS-045 Prapanchahridayam (NEW)
TSS-046 Paribhashavritti (Vyakarana) Nilakanta Diskhita (not found)
TSS-047 Sidhanthasidhanjanam (Vedanta) Krishnananda Sarasvati Part 1
TSS-048 Sidhanthasidhanjanam (Vedanta) Krishnananda Sarasvati Part 2
TSS-049 Goladeepika (Jyotisha) by Paramesvara (NEW)
TSS-050 Rasarnavasudhakara (Alankara) by Singha Bhupala
TSS-051 Namalinganusasanam Part 3
TSS-052 Namalinganusasanam Part 4
TSS-053 Sabdanirnaya (Vedanta) Prakasamatyatindra
TSS-054 Sphotasidhinyayavichara (Vyakarana) (NEW)
TSS-055 Mattavilasaprahasana (Nataka) Mahendravikramavarman (NEW)
TSS-056 Manushyalayachandrika (Silpa) (NEW)
TSS-057 Raghuviracharitham (Kavya)
TSS-058 Sidhanthasidhanjanam (Vedanta) Krishnananda Sarasvati Part 3
TSS-059 Naganandam (Nataka) by Harsadeva with the commentary Vimarsini of Sivarama
TSS-060 Laghusthuti by Laghubhattaraka with the commentary of Raghavananda (NEW)
TSS-061 Sidhanthasidhanjanam (Vedanta) Krishnananda Sarasvati Part 4
TSS-062 Sarvamata sangraha
TSS-063 Kiraturjiniya of Bharavi with the commentary of Sabdarthadipika of Chitrabhanu
TSS-064 Meghasandesa of Kalidasa commentary pradipa of Dakshinavartanatha
TSS-065 Mayamatam (silpa)of Mayamuni
TSS-066 Maharthamanjari with the commentary of Parimala of Mahesvarananda 1919 (NEW)
TSS-067 Tantrasamuchaya (Tantra) of Narayana with the commentary of Vimarsini of Sankara Part 1 (1-6 patalas)
TSS-068 Tatwaprakasa (Agama)by Sri Bhojadeva with the commentary Tatparyadipika of Srikumara
TSS-069 Isanagurudevapadhathi (Tantra) by Isaanasivagurudevamisra Part 1 Samanyapada
TSS-070 Aryamanjusrimulakalpa Part 1
TSS-071 Tantrasamuchaya (tantra) byNarayana with the commentary Vimarsini of Sankara Part 2 (7-12 patala)
TSS-072 Isanagurudevapadhathi (Tantra) by Isanasivaguridevamisra Part 2 mantrapada
TSS-073 Isvarapratipattiprakasa (Vedanta) madhusudanandasarasvati (NEW)
TSS-074 Yajnavalkyasmriti with the commentary Balakrida of Visvarupacarya Part 1 (NEW)
TSS-075 Silparatnam (silpa) by Srikumara Part 1
TSS-076 Aryamanjusrimulakalpa Part 2
TSS-077 Isanasivagurudevapadhathi (agama) Part 3
TSS-078 Asvalyanagrihyasutram with the commentary of Haradattacharya
TSS-079 Arthasastran of kautilya with commentary by Mahamahopadhyaya Ganapathi sastri Part 1
TSS-080 Arthasastram  of Kautilya Part 2
TSS-081 Yanjnavalkyasmriti with the commentary of Balakrida of Visvarupacarya Part 2
TSS-082 Arthasastram of Kautilya Part 3
TSS-083 Isanasivagurudevapadhathi (Agama) by Isanasivagurudevamisra Part 4
TSS-084 Aryamanjusrimulakalpa Part 3
TSS-085 Vishnusamhita (Agama)
TSS-086 Bharathacharitam of Srikrishnakavi (Kavya) (NEW)
TSS-087 Sangitasamayasara (sangita) of Parsvadeva
TSS-088 Kavyaprakasa (Alankara) of Mammatabhatta with the two commentaries the Sampradayaprakasini of Sri Vidyachakravartin and the Sahityacudamani of Bhattagopala Part 1
TSS-089 Sphotasiddhi (Vyakarana) of Bharatamisra 1927 (NEW)
TSS-090 Mimamsaslokavartikam Part 1 with the commentary of Kasika of Sucaritamisra
TSS-091 Horasastram of Varahamihiracarya with the vivarana of rudra
TSS-092 Rasopanishat
TSS-093 Vedantaparibhasha with the commentary  Prakasika of Peddadikshita (NEW)
TSS-094 Brihaddesi (Sangita) of Matangamuni (NEW)
TSS-095 Ranadipika (Jyotisa) of Kumaraganaka
TSS-096 Rksamhita (with the Bhashya of skandasvamin and the commentary of Venkatamadhavaraya (Part 1)
TSS-097 Naradiyamanusamhita (smriti) with the bhasya of Bhavasvamin
TSS-098 Silparatnam (silpa) Sri kumara Part 2
TSS-099 Mimamsaslokavartikam Part 2
TSS-100 Kavyaprakasa (Alankara) of Mammatabhatta Part 2 (NEW)
TSS-101 Aryabhatiyam (Jyotisha) of Aryabhatacarya with the Bhashya of Nilakantasomasutvan (Part 1 Ganitapada)
TSS-102 Dattilam (Sangita) of Dattilamuni (NEW)
TSS-103 Hamsasandesa with Commentary (Kavya) (Vedanta)
TSS-104 Sambapancasika (Stuti) with commentary
TSS-105 Nidhipradipa of Sidha Srikanthasambhu
TSS-106 Prakriyasarvasva (Vyakarana) of Sri Narayanana Bhatta with the commentary Part 1
TSS-107 Kavyaratna (Kavya) of Arhaddasa
TSS-108 Balamartandavijayam (Nataka) of Devarajakavi
TSS-109 Nyayasara with the commentary of Vasudevasuri
TSS-110 Aryabhatiyam (Jyotish) of Aryabhatacarya wth Bhashya of Nilakanthasomasutvan Part 2
TSS-111 Hridayapriya (Vaidyaka) by parameswara

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Vasantika Swapnam – Sanskrit translation of Shakespeare’s Midsummer Night’s Dream by R Krishnamacharya

Midsummer Night’s Dream is, perhaps, the first drama of Shakespeare that  was translated into Sanskrit. Several decades after  Krishnamacharya translated Midsummer Night’s Dream into Sanskrit, Sanskrit scholars turned their attention to translating other dramas of Shakespeare. Some of them are listed  below:

1. Venisa sarthavahah (Merchant of Venice) – Ananta Tripathi Śarma  1969
2. Yatha Te Rocate (As you like it) – Ananta Tripathi Sarma 1969
3. Dinarkarajakumarahemalekham (Hamlet) – Sukhamay Mukhopadhyay  1971
4. Uthika (Romeo & Juliet) – Revaprasad Dvivedi 1978
5. Candrasenah Durgadesasya Yuvarajah (Hamlet) – SD  Joshi & Pt. Vighnahari Deo 1980

Excerpts from the author’s preface in the first edition of “Vasantika  Swapnam”

It has been my long-cherished wish, to render into Sanskrit some of  the plays of Shakespeare. But a translation in the form of a Sanskrit  drama, is attended with difficulties. A Sanskrit drama, even if it should  be a translation, has to conform to a string of hard and fast rules. Failing in this respect, the work, no matter however good, is sure to  offend the taste of Sanskrit Pandits, and a work like mine written in the  first instance to give our Pandits a taste of Western poetry will have no  reason for its existence.

It is for this reason that Prof. H. H. Wilson has adopted the form of the  English drama in translating Sanskrit Natakas. Following the same  plan a translation of Shakespeare should have the garb of a Sanskrit  drama, though it may not be possible in every case to observe the rules laid down for Sanskrit Natakas.

This work is an adaptation of Shakespeare’s Midsummer-night’s  Dream. The rendering is free in some places, and literal in other  places, without being detrimental to the general tenor of the passages  in the original. The ideas are enlarged in some places, but the  enlargement is generally in keeping with the dominant feelings. There are deviations in details with view to keep up the characteristics of the  Sanskrit drama. Some few passages pregnant with such ideas as  could be brought home to our Pandits have been omitted, as also  some passages which relate purely to Western habits and customs. I  dare say men of greater capacity and learning than myself may  produce a much happier and better translation of the same play.

I have selected Midsummer-night’s Dream at the outset, since it is not long and most of the ideas in it are not unfamiliar to the best of our  Pandits. This play of Shakespeare has, of all his plays, the most  Oriental cast about it, and I have accordingly given Sanskrit names for all the characters in the play.

I sincerely hope that this essay of mine may induce abler scholars to  take up the task, and, with far better success, introduce to the literatii  of the East some of the most chaste and beautiful thoughts of the  West.

R Krishnamacharya,
24th February 1892
Pudukota.
——————————————–
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Siddhanta Kaumudi English Translation by Srisa Chandra Vasu

Siddhanta Kaumudi is a celebrated Sanskrit commentary by Bhattoji Dikshita (early 17th century) on the Ashtadhydyi and is believed to be more popular than Panini’s work. It re-arranges the sutras of Panini under appropriate heads and offers exposition that is orderly and easy to follow.

The sutras are arranged in two parts – the first part deals with the rules of interpretation, sandhis, declensions, formation of feminines, case endings, compounds, secondary derivations and the second part with conjugation, primary suffixes, Vedic grammar and accents.

English translation of Siddhanta Kaumudi by Srisa Chandra Vasu is highly useful to students of Sanskrit grammar who are not capable of studying the Ashtadhyayi or Siddhanta Kaumudi with the help of Sanskrit commentaries.

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Sanskrit Biographies of Indian Saints and Heroes

It is surprising and at the same time good news that Digital Library of India has a very good collection of Sanskrit biographies of Indian Saints and Heroes like Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, Samartha Ramadas, Guru Gobind Singh, Sivaji, Gandhiji, Rana Pratap, Prithviraj Chauhan, etal. Though it is said that Sanskrit lags in the genre of biography, I could find plenty of books in this genre at the DLI. This post is an attempt to present before you a collection of biographies written in Sanskrit prose.

DOWNLOAD LINKS TO SANSKRIT BIOGRAPHIES OF INDIAN SAINTS AND HEROES

01. Sanskrit Biography of Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa
Vedamurti Sriramakrishna – Swami Apoorvananda Skt Biography
02. Sanskrit Biography of Sri Vallabhacharya
Shrimad Vallabhacharyacharitam – Shripad Shastri Hasurkar 1940
03. Sanskrit Biography of Samartha Ramadas
Ramadasaswamicharitam – SS Hasurkar
04. Sanskrit Biography of Sikh Gurus
Shree Sheekha Guru Charitamritam – Shripad Shastri Hasurkar 1933
05. Sanskrit Biography of Guru Gobind Singh
Sri Gurugovind Singh Bhagvat Padah Jeevnetivratham – SK Sharma 1966  (ALTERNATE LINK)
06. Sanskrit Biography of Gandhiji
Gandhicharitam – Charudev Sastri 1930
07. Sanskrit Biography of Banda Bairagi
Viravairagicaritam – Sudarshan Kumar Sharma (ALTERNATE LINK)
08. Sanskrit Biographies of Sivaji
Sivarajavijaya – Sanskrit – Ambikadatta(ALTERNATE LINK)
Shriishivajimaharajacharitam – Shripad Shastri Hasurkar
09. Sanskrit Biogrpahies of Rana Pratap
Veerpratapa Natakam – MP Dikshit   (ALTERNATE LINK)
Mivara Pratapam – Sanskrit Drama – HS Bhattacharya 1947
Pratapavijayam – Sanskrit Play – Mulshanker Maneklal Yajnik 1931
Maha Rana Pratapa Charitam – SS Hasurkar
10. Sanskrit Biography of Lokmanya Tilak
Shrilokmanyacharitam Sanskrit – SN Sastri
11. Sanskrit Biography of Prithviraj Chauhan
Shri Pruthviraj Chavhana Charitam – Shripad Shastri Hasurkar

Complete Collection of Kavyamala Series of Books of Nirnaya Sagar Press

Kavyamala Series of Books of Nirnaya Sagar Press, Mumbai published during late 19th and early 20th centuries. Kavyamala is a collection of ancient, very rare and previously unpublished Sanskrit works. There were two separate series – 14 volumes of Kavyamala anthologies of ancient Sanskrit works and 95 volumes of single books.

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KAVYAMALA GUCHCHAKA (ANTHOLOGY) SERIES (14 VOLUMES)

Volume 01. Mahaganapatistotra of Raghavachaitanya, etc 1929
Volume 02. Vishnupadadikesantavarnana, etc 1932
Volume 03. Sivasatakam of Gokulanatha, etc 1899
Volume 04. Chandi Satakam-Bhava Satakam-etc 1937
Volume 05. Mukapanchasati-Kalividambanam-etc 1937
Volume 06. Sivapadadi Kesanta Varnana Stotram-etc. 1930
Volume 07. Bhaktamara Stotram, etc 1890
Volume 08. Sudarsanasatakam of Kuranarayana, etc 1891
Volume 09. Devisatakam of Anandavardhana, etc 1897
Volume 10. Lalitastavaratnam of Durvasa, etc 1915
Volume 11. Tripuramahima Stotram of Durvasa, etc 1895
Volume 12. Ramachapastava of Ramabhadra Dikshita, etc 1897
Volume 13. Varnamala Stotram-Pavanaduta Kavyam-etc 1916
Volume 14. Ardhanariswara Stotram of Kalhana, etc 1938

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KAVYAMALA MAIN SERIES (95 VOLUMES)

Kavyamala Vol_ 01 – Aryasapatshati – Govardhana 1934
Kavyamala Vol_ 02 – Kavyalankara of Rudrata 1886
Kavyamala Vol_ 03 – Srikantha Charita of Mankhaka 1887
Kavyamala Vol_ 04 – Karpuramanjari of Rajasekhara 1887
Kavyamala Vol_ 05 – Anargha Raghava 1929.pdf
Kavyamala Vol_ 06 – Kamsavadha of Seshakrishna 1935
Kavyamala Vol_ 07 – Karnasundari of Bilhana 1932
Kavyamala Vol_ 08 – Dharmasarmabhyudayam of Harichandra 1933
Kavyamala Vol_ 09 – Subhadraharanam of Madhava Bhatta 1888
Kavyamala Vol_ 10 – Samaya Matrika – Kshemendra 1925
Kavyamala Vol_ 11 – Kadambarikathasara of Abhinanda 1925
Kavyamala Vol_ 12 – Rasagangadhara of Jagannatha 1888
Kavyamala Vol_ 13 – Sambapanchasika of Samba 1910
Kavyamala Vol_ 14 – Parijataharanachampu of Sesha Srikrishna 1926
Kavyamala Vol_ 15 – Kavyalankara Sutras of Vamana 1926
Kavyamala Vol_ 16 – Mukaundananda Bhana of Kashipati 1889
Kavyamala Vol_ 17 – Unmattaraghava of Bhaskara 1899
Kavyamala Vol_ 18 – Amarushatakam of Amarukari 1916
Kavyamala Vol_ 19 – Suryasataka of Tribhuvanapala (NEW)
Kavyamala Vol_ 20 – Latakamelakaprahasanam of Sankhadhara 1923
Kavyamala Vol_ 21 – Gatha Saptasati of Satavahana 1911
Kavyamala Vol_ 22 – Haravijaya of Rajanaka Ratnakara 1890
Kavyamala Vol_ 23 – Stutikusumanjali – Jagadwar Bhatta
Kavyamala Vol_ 24 – Kavyapradipa of Govinda 1933

Kavyamala Vol_ 25 – Dhvanyaloka of Anandavardhana 1928
Kavyamala Vol_ 26 – Dasavataracharitam of Kshemendra 1891
Kavyamala Vol_ 27 – Jivanandana of Anandaraya Makhi 1891
Kavyamala Vol_ 28 – Dutangadanatakam of Subhatakavi 1900
Kavyamala Vol_ 29 – Bhartriharinirvedanatakam of Hariharopadhyaya (NEW)
Kavyamala Vol_ 30 – Chandraprabhacharita of Viranandi 1892
Kavyamala Vol_ 31 – Vishnubhktikalpalata of Purushothama 1917
Kavyamala Vol_ 32 – Sahridayananda of Krishnananda 1930
Kavyamala Vol_ 33 – Srinivasavilasa Champu of Venkatadhwari 1886
Kavyamala Vol_ 34 – Prachina Lekhamala Part-1, 1892
Kavyamala Vol_ 35 – Alankarasarvasva of Rajanaka Ruyyaka 1893
Kavyamala Vol_ 36 – Vrittivartika of Appayya Dikshita 1892
Kavyamala Vol_ 37 – Rasasadana Bhana of Yuvaraja 1893
Kavyamala Vol_ 38 – Chitramimasa of Appayya Dikshita 1941
Kavyamala Vol_ 39 – Vidyaparinayana of Anandarya Makhi 1893
Kavyamala Vol_ 40 – Rukminiparinayanatakam of Ramavarman 1927 (added in Nov 2012)
Kavyamala Vol_ 41 – Prakrita Pingalasutrani of Lakshmanabhatta 1894
Kavyamala Vol_ 42 – Natya Sastra of Bharata Muni 1894
Kavyamala Vol_ 43 – Kavyanusasanam of Vagbhata 1915
Kavyamala Vol_ 44 – Sringaratilaka Bhana of Ramachandra 1894
Kavyamala Vol_ 45 – Balabharata of Amarachandra Suri 1894
Kavyamala Vol_ 46 – Vrishabhanuja Natika Of Mathuradasa 1895
Kavyamala Vol_ 47 – Setubandha [Ravanavaha] of Pravarasena 1895
Kavyamala Vol_ 48 – Vagbhatalankara (NEW)
Kavyamala Vol_ 49 – Dvisandhana of Dhananjaya 1895 (Added in Nov 2012)
Kavyamala Vol_ 50 – Alankara Shekhara of Kesava Misra 1895
Kavyamala Vol_ 51 – The Patanjali-Charita – Pt Sivadatta 1895
Kavyamala Vol_ 52 – Mandaramarandchampu of Krishna Kavi 1895
Kavyamala Vol_ 53 – Vanibhushana of Damodara Misra (1925)
Kavyamala Vol_ 54 – Dhananjayavijaya of Kanchanacharya 1911
Kavyamala Vol_ 55 – Adbhutadarpana of Mahadeva (added in Nov 2012)
Kavyamala Vol_ 56 – Neminirvana of Vagbhata 1936
Kavyamala Vol_ 57 – Raghavanaishadhiya of Haradatta Suri 1926
Kavyamala Vol_ 58 – Shrangarbhushanam of Vamana Bhatta Bana 1896
Kavyamala Vol_ 59 – Amritodaya of Gokulanatha 1897
Kavyamala Vol_ 60 – Yudhishthiravijaya of Vasudeva 1930.pdf
Kavyamala Vol_ 61 – Haracaritacintamani, by Rajanaka Jayadratha 1897
Kavyamala Vol_ 62 – Raghavapandaviya of Kaviraja 1897
Kavyamala Vol_ 63 – Sahityakaumudi of Vidyabhushana 1897
Kavyamala Vol_ 64 – Prachina Lekhamala Part-2, 1898
Kavyamala Vol_ 65 – Bharatamanjari of Kshemendra 1898
Kavyamala Vol_ 66 – Alankara Kaustubha of Visweswara 1898
Kavyamala Vol_ 67 – Hira Saubhagya of Devavimala Gani 1900
Kavyamala Vol_ 68 – Ravanarjuniya – Bhatta Bhima 1900
Kavyamala Vol_ 69 – Brihatkathamanjari of Kshemendra 1901
Kavyamala Vol_ 70 – Yasastilakam of Somadeva Suri Part 1, 1916
Kavyamala Vol_ 70 – Yasastilakam of Somadeva Suri Part 2, 1903
Kavyamala Vol_ 71 – Kavyanusasana of Hemachandra 1901
Kavyamala Vol_ 72 – Kathakautukam of Srivara 1901
Kavyamala Vol_ 73 – Surathotsavam of Someswaradeva 1902
Kavyamala Vol_ 74 – Saugandhikaharana of Vishwanatha 1902
Kavyamala Vol_ 75 – Jayantavijaya of Abhayadeva. 1902
Kavyamala Vol_ 76 – Gangavataranam of Nilakantha Dikshita 1916
Kavyamala Vol_ 77 – Dela Rama Kathasara of Rajanaka Bhatta Ahladaka 1902
Kavyamala Vol_ 78 – Sringara Sarvasva Bhana of Nalla Dikshita 1911
Kavyamala Vol_ 79 – Karna Bhushana – Gangananda 1926
Kavyamala Vol_ 80 – Prachina Lekhamala Part-3, 1903
Kavyamala Vol_ 81 – Vidagdhamadhava of Rupa Goswami 1937
Kavyamala Vol_ 82 – Subhashitaratnasandoha of Amitagati 1903
Kavyamala Vol_ 83 – Ramayanamanjari of Kshemendra 1903
Kavyamala Vol_ 84 – Stavamala of Rupadeva 1903
Kavyamala Vol_ 85 – Tilakamanjari of Dhanapala 1938
Kavyamala Vol_ 86Hariharasubhashitam of Sri Harihara 1910 (NEW)
Kavyamala Vol_ 87 – Chaitanya Chandrodayam – Pansikar 1917
Kavyamala Vol_ 88 – Anyokti muktavali of Hamsavijaya Gani 1907
Kavyamala Vol_ 89 – Padyaracana of Lakshmanabhatta Ankolkar (Added in Nov 2017)
Kavyamala Vol_ 90 – Yatra Prabandha of Samarapungava Dikshita 1936
Kavyamala Vol_ 91 – Chandas Sastra of Pingala 1938
Kavyamala Vol_ 92 – Padukasahasram of Venkatanatha 1911 (not found)
Kavyamala Vol_ 93 – Pandavacharitam Mahakavyam of Muralidaharadev 1911
Kavyamala Vol_ 94 – Saraswatikanthabharana of Bhoja 1934
Kavyamala Vol_ 95 – Ujjvala Nilamani of Rupa Goswami 1932

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Complete Works of Kalidasa

KALIDASA, (kaalidaasa), India’s greatest Sanskrit poet and dramatist. In spite of the celebrity of his name, the time when he flourished always has been an unsettled question, although most scholars nowadays favor the middle of the 4th and early 5th centuries A.D., during the reigns of Chandragupta II Vikramaaditya and his successor Kumaaragupta. Undetermined also is the place of Kaalidaasa’s principal literary activity, as the frequent and minute geographic allusions in his works suggest that he traveled extensively.

Numerous works have been attributed to his authorship. Most of them, however, are either by lesser poets bearing the same name or by others of some intrinsic worth, whose works simply chanced to be associated with Kaalidaasa’s name their own names having long before ceased to be remembered. Only seven are generally considered genuine.

Kalidasa’s Life Time: There are eight hypothesis about his lifetime. The main logics, ecidences are as follows:

1. 6th century AD, Yashodharman defeated Mihirkul of HooN clan. Dr. Harnely says this Yashodharman is kalidas’s Vikramaaditya. Flaw: Y. never tok the title of Vikramaaditya

2. Fargusen says that 6th century AD, there was a king Vikramaaditya in Ujjayini (present day Ujjain). he defeated Shakas, started `Vikram-samvat’ calendar, starting it 600 years back 57BC. Prof. Max Muller basing on this said that Kalidasa was in the court of this Vikram. Flaw: There was no king by name VIkramaaditya in 600 AD in India. `Vikram-samvat’ calendar was in vogue since 1st century BC as `maalav-samvat’. This is clear from `mandasor’ `shilaalekha’ (stone writings) of VatsabhaTTi.

3. Kalidasa was familiar with Greek astronomy, using words like `jaamitra’. Greek astronomy/geometry was popularised by AryabhaTTa who was in 5th century AD. SO, Kalidasa was in 6th AD onwards. Dr McDonald refutes this saying `Romaka-siddhaanta’ was prevalant before AryabhaTTa, so he didn’t popularise Greek astronomy.

4. Mallinaath (the most famous commentrator on Kalidasa) gives two meanings to Meghadoot’s 14th verse. He says that `dinnaaga’ and `nichula’ words refer to Buddhist philosophers `dinnaaga’. Based on this some scholars put kalidasa in 6th century AD `coz kalidasa’s contemporary `dinnaaga’ was disciple of Vasubandhu who was in 6th century AD. Flaw: Vasubandhu was apparently in 400 AD `coz his books were translated in Chinese around 475-525 AD.

Finally this is what can be said about his lifetime: Kalidasa in his drama `Malvikaa-agni-mitra’ makes Agni-mitra his hero, who was the son of Pushamitra Shunga who was in 2nd century BC. This is his upper bound. Banabhatta in the preface of his Kadambari mentions Kalidasa. Banabhatta was in early 7th century AD. This is Kalidasa’s lower bound.

Kalidasa’s Life: Many tell tales are there for his life. Some call him native of Kashmir, some of Vidarbh, some of Bengal and others of Ujjain. It is said that he was a dumb fool to start with. The king’s daughter was a very learned lady and said that she will marry him who will defeat her in `shaastraartha’ (debate on the scriptures). Anyone who gets defeated will be black faced, head shaven and kicked out of country on a donkey. (The punishment part might be later aditions!) SO, the pundits took Kalidasa (whom they apparently saw cutting the tree branch on which he was sitting) for debate. They said that he (Kalidasa) only does mute debates. The princess showed him one finger saying `shakti is one’. He thot she will poke his one eye, so he showed her two fingers. She accepted it as valid answer, since `shakti’ is manifest in duality (shiv-shakti, nar-naaree etc etc). She showed her the palm with fingers extended like in a slap. He showed her the fist. She accepted it as answer to her question. She said `five elements’ and he said `make the body’ (earth, water, fire, air, and void). [ The debate explanations are also apparently later additions] So they get married and she finds he is a dumbo. So she kicks him out of the house. He straightaway went to Kali’s temple and cut his tongue at her feet. Kali was appeased with him and granted him profound wisdom. When he returned to his house, his wife (the learned) asked, “asti kashchit vaag-visheshaH” (asti = is; kashchit = when, as in questioning; vaag = speech, visheshaH = expert; i.e. “are you now an expert in speaking”).

And the great Kalidasa wrote three books starting with the 3 words:
with asti = asti-uttarasyaam dishi = Kumara-sambhavam (epic)
with kashchit = kashchit-kaantaa = Meghdoot (poetry)
with vaag = vaagarthaaviva = Raghuvansha (epic)

Another story says that he was the friend of Kumardas of Ceylon. He was killed by a courtesan once when he visited his friend in Ceylon.

(Courtesy: Shashikanth Joshi)

Works of Kalidasa:
Plays – There are three plays, the earliest of which is probably the Malavikaagnimitra ( Malavikaa and Agnimitra), a work concerned with palace intrigue. It is of special interest because the hero is a historical figure, King Agnimitra, whose father, Pushhpamitra, wrested the kingship of northern India from the Mauryan king Brihadratha about 185 B.C. and established the Sunga dvnasty, which held power for more than a century. The Vikramorvashiiya ( Urvashii Won Through Valor) is based on the old legend of the love of the mortal Pururavaas for the heavenly damsel Urvashii. The legend occurs in embryonic form in a hymn of the Rig Veda and in a much amplified version in the ShatapathabraahmaNa.

The third play, AbhiGYaanashaakuntala ( Shakuntalaa Recognized by the Token Ring), is the work by which Kaalidaasa is best known not only in India but throughout the world. It was the first work of Kaalidaasa to be translated into English from which was made a German translation in 1791 that evoked the often quoted admiration by Goethe. The raw material for this play, which usually is called in English simply Shaakuntala after the name of the heroine, is contained in the Mahaabhaarata and in similar form also in the PadmapuraaNa, but these versions seem crude and primitive when compared with Kaalidaasa’s polished and refined treatment of the story. In bare outline the story of the play is as follows: King Dushhyanta, while on a hunting expedition, meets the hermit-girl Shakuntalaa, whom he marries in the hermitage by a ceremony of mutual consent. Obliged by affairs of state to return to his palace, he gives Shakuntalaa his signet ring, promising to send for her later. But when Shakuntalaa comes to the court for their reunion, pregnant with his child, Dushhyanta fails to acknowledge her as his wife because of a curse. The spell is subsequently broken by the discovery of the ring, which Shakuntalaa had lost on her way to the court. The couple are later reunited, and all ends happily.

The influence of the AbhiGYaanashaakuntala outside India is evident not only in the abundance of translations in many languages, but also in its adaptation to the operatic stage by Paderewski, Weinggartner, and Alfano.

Poems – In addition to these three plays Kalidaaa wrote two long epic poems, the Kumarasambhava ( Birth of Kumara) and the Raghuvamsha ( Dynasty of Raghu). The former is concerned with the events that lead to the marriage of the god Shiva and Paarvatii, daughter of the Himalayas. This union was desired by the gods for the production of a son, Kumara, god of war, who would help them defeat the demon Taraka. The gods induce Kama, god of love, to discharge an amatory arrow at Siva who is engrossed in meditation. Angered by this interruption of his austerities, he burns Kama to ashes with a glance of his third eye. But love for Paarvatii has been aroused, and it culminates in their marriage.

The Raghuvamsha treats of the family to which the great hero Rama belonged, commencing with its earliest antecedents and encapsulating the principal events told in the Raamaayana of Valmiki. But like the Kumarasambhava, the last nine cantos of which are clearly the addition of another poet, the Raghuvamsha ends rather abruptly, suggesting either that it was left unfinished by the poet or that its final portion was lost early.

Finally there are two lyric poems, the Meghaduta ( Cloud Messenger) and the Ritusamhara ( Description of the Seasons). The latter, if at all a genuine work of Kalidasa, must surely be regarded as a youthful composition, as it is distinguished by rather exaggerated and overly exuberant depictions of nature, such as are not elsewhere typical of the poet. It is of tangential interest, however, that the Ritusamhara, published in Bengal in 1792, was the first book to be printed in Sanskrit.

On the other hand, the Meghaduta, until the 1960’s hardly known outside India, is in many ways the finest and most perfect of all Kalidasa’s works and certainly one of the masterpiece of world literature. A short poem of 111 stanzas, it is founded at once upon the barest and yet most original of plots. For some unexplained dereliction of duty, a Yaksha, or attendant of Kubera, god of wealth, has been sent by his lord into yearlong exile in the mountains of central India, far away from his beloved wife on Mount Kaildasa in the Himalayas. At the opening of the poem, particularly distraught and hapless at the onset of the rains when the sky is dark and gloomy with clouds, the yaksa opens his heart to a cloud hugging close the mountain top. He requests it mere aggregation of smoke, lightning, water, and wind that it is, to convey a message of consolation to his beloved while on its northward course. The Yaksha then describes the many captivating sights that are in store for the cloud on its way to the fabulous city of Alakaa, where his wife languishes amid her memories of him. Throughout the Meghaduta, as perhaps nowhere else So plentifully in Kalidasa’s works, are an unvarying freshness of inspiration and charm, delight imagery and fancy, profound insight into the emotions, and a oneness with the phenomena of nature. Moreover, the fluidity and beauty of the language are probably unmatched in Sanskrit literature, a feature all the more remarkable for its inevitable loss in translation.

(Courtesy: Walter Harding Maurer University of Hawaii at Manoe)

DOWNLOAD LINKS TO COMPLETE WORKS OF KALIDASA

1. Abhijnana Sakuntalam
Abhijnana Sakuntalam Of Kalidasa – M. R.Kale
Abhijnana Sakuntalam English Translation by CSR Sastri
Sakuntala – Sanskrit Text with English Translation by Monier Williams
Sakuntala – English Translation by JG Jennings
Kalidasa’s Sakuntala – English Translation by Richard Pischel

2. Malavikagnimitram
Malavikagnimitram of Kalidasa – Skt Commentary – KP Parab
Malavikagnimitram English Translation by CH Tawney

3. Vikramorvasiyam
Vikramorvasiyam Sanksirt Text with English Notes by SP Pandit

Vikramorvasiyam English Translation by EB Cowell

4. Kumarasambhavam
Kumarasambhava Cantos I-VII – Sanskrit Commentary, English Translation & Notes – MR Kale
Kumarasambhavam – Eng Translation by RTH Griffith
Kumarasambhavam with Mallinatha’s Sanskrit Commentary

5. Raghuvamsam
Raghuvamsa with Mallinatha’s commentary Hindi translation by Pt. Lakshmi Prapanna Acharya(DJVU)
Raghuvamsa with Mallinatha’s commentary Shankar Pandit Part 3
Raghuvamsa English Translation by De Lacy Johnston
Cantos 1 to 10 with Mallinatha’s commentary and Eng Translation by MR Kale
Raghuvamsa with Hindi Tika by Jvalaprasa Mishra
Raghuvamsa with Commentary of Mallinatha & English Translation by GR Nandargikar

6. Meghasandesam (Meghadutam)
Meghasandesa with Dakshinavartanatha’s Tika – TG Sastri
Meghaduta with Sanjivani Vyakhya 1894
Kalidasa’s Meghaduta with Skt Commentary & English Translation – KB Pathak, 1916
Meghaduta English Translation by HH Wilson, 1814
Meghaduta English Translation by Col. HA Ouvry, 1868

7. Works of Kalidasa
Works of Kalidasa English Translation – William Jones 1901

Panchatantra – Sanskrit commentary, Hindi and English translations

In this post there are links to 3 books on the Panchatantram by Vishnu Sarma.

1. Sanskrit commentary on Pancahtantra
2. Sanskrit text of Panchatantra with Hindi translation by JP Mishra
3. English translation of Panchatantra by AW Ryder

According to Indian tradition, the Panchatantra was written around 200 BCE by Pandit Vishnu Sarma, a sage. However, based as it is on older oral traditions, its antecedents among storytellers probably hark back to the origins of language. One of the most influential Sanskrit contributions to world literature, it is “certainly the most frequently translated literary product of India” and there are over 200 versions in more than 50 languages.

In the Indian tradition, the Panchatantra is a nitisastra, a treatise on political science and human conduct, or niti. It is said that Vishnu Sarma’s objective was to instruct three dull and ignorant princes in the principles of polity, by means of stories. Panchatantra consists of five books, which are called:

1. Mitra Bhedha (The Loss of Friends)
2. Mitra Laabha also called Mitra Samprapti (Gaining Friends)
3. Kakolukiyam (Crows and Owls)
4. Labdhapranasam (Loss Of Gains)
5. Aparikshitakaraka (Ill-Considered Action / Rash deeds)

DOWNLOAD LINKS

1. Panchatantra Sanskrit text with Hindi translation – JP Mishra

2. Panchatantra Sanskrit Commentary

3. Panchatantra English translation by AW Ryder

Siddhanta Kaumudi Sanskrit & English Commentaries

Siddhanta Kaumudi is a celebrated Sanskrit commentary by Bhattoji Dikshita (early 17th century) on the Ashtadhydyi and is believed to be more popular than Panini’s work. It re-arranges the sutras of Panini under appropriate heads and offers exposition that is orderly and easy to follow.

The sutras are arranged in two parts – the first part deals with the rules of interpretation, sandhis, declensions, formation of feminines, case endings, compounds, secondary derivations and the second part with conjugation, primary suffixes, Vedic grammar and accents.

English commentary of Siddhanta Kaumudi by Saradaranjan Ray & Kumudranjan Ray is highly useful to  students of Sanskrit grammar who are not capable of studying the Ashtadhyayi or Siddhanta Kaumudi with the help of Sanskrit commentaries.

DOWNLOAD LINK

http://asi.nic.in/asi_books/446.pdf