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Sabda Manjari

Knowledge of declensions of nouns and verbs is a must for those who wish to master Sanskrit. This book, authored by K.L.V. Sastri & Pandit L. Anantharam Sastri, is a collection of sabda rupas (declensions of nouns) and has been a prescribed text book in many parts of India for decades.

What is Declension in Sanskrit (from Wikipedia)

Declension has been analyzed extensively in Sanskrit, where it is known as karaka (similar to cases in English) . Seven varieties are defined by Panini in terms of their semantic roles:

1. agent (karta, often in subject position, performing independently)
2. patient (karman, often in objective position)
3. means (karana, instrumental)
4. recipient (sampradaana, similar to dative)
5. source (apaadaana, similar, but not the same, as ablative)
6. possessor (sambandha, genitive)
7. locus (adhikarana, locative or goal)

In addition, another declension exists, known as the sambodhana (vocative). It is used to indicate the object being addressed. For example: he Rama (O Rama).

For example, consider the following sentence:
vriksaat parnam bhumau patati
[from] the tree a leaf [on] the ground falls
“a leaf falls from the tree on (onto) the ground”

Here leaf is the agent, tree is the source, and ground is the locus, the corresponding declensions are reflected in the case endings.

source of E-text: http://www.archive.org/details/texts


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62 Responses to “Sabda Manjari”

  1. PRG says:

    I came across your site today. It is very useful for the learners of sanskrit like me.
    Thanks again.

    • bharateeya says:


      I know about your blog and have visited it many times. It is very interesting.

      Thanks for visiting and commenting.


    • Rajan Srinivasan says:

      கண்டேன்! கண்டேன்! கண்டறியாதன கண்டேன்! தாய் மொழி வழிக்கல்விக்கு ஈடு இணையேது? ஆங்கில இலக்கணம் பயின்று அதன் பின் संस्कृत இலக்கணம் பயில்வது என்பது கொக்கு தலையில் வெண்ணெய் வைத்துப் பிடிப்பதைப் போல.

  2. i visit your site . realy it’s very usefull to leanr sanskrit . it may be more useful if u provide it’s hindi version also.

  3. Thanks. This book शब्दमञ्जरी is awesome for one learning रुपावलि. Hey, bharateeya is also possible to get धातुरुपमञ्जरी.

  4. I found it here http://www.vedamu.org/sankrit/Vyakaranam/DhaturupaManjari.asp but it quite boring to use as it doesnot have an pdf.

  5. […] சப்த மஞ்சரி என்கிற – வேற்றுமை உருபுகளின் தொகுப்பு புத்தகம் பிடீஎப் கோப்பாக இங்கே கிடைக்கும். […]

  6. Balakrishna Davey says:

    I wish to become a member of this group

  7. Rajat says:


    This book has been deleted from mediafire. Can you please post a different link.


    • blogadmin says:


      I have rectified the DJVU file link. You may download it in that format. As you might know, DJVU is a format similar to PDF and can be handled using DJVU Viewer. I cannot make available PDF due to copyright reasons. I could mail it to you if your are interested. BTW, this book is available as Devanagari Unicode text at Sanskrit Wikisource

  8. Christoph M. says:

    Hello !
    Does anybody know a source for a good chanting of the Shabda-Manjari ?

    Thank You !


  9. sujatha says:

    Namaste. I don’t have a personal computer so I store all my files on USBs. So i cannot download djvu viewer( i think) ..
    Is there a way for me to get ‘sabda manjari’ in pdf, please?
    Thanks in aniticipation

  10. Loveleshanand Sarswati says:

    Dear Sirs / Madams,
    With due respect I wanted to bring you in a notice that :-
    I am not able to download the book called sanskrit shabad manjari please help me in this regard .
    Loveleshansnd Sarswati

  11. Loveleshanand Sarswati says:

    आप का अभारी हुँ शब्द मंजरी भेजने के लिए । अब मैं उसे डाऊनलोड कर सकता हुँ।
    लवलेशानन्द सरस्वती

  12. Loveleshanand Sarswati says:

    Dear Sirs/Madams
    With due respect I wanted to bring in your notice that
    I am not able to download the book Shabad Manjari sent by your team in the form of PDF file
    Hence, it is requested that please sendme the same in other in other way. So that I can take advantage of it. Thanx
    Loveleshanand Sarswati

  13. Shyam says:

    Can u pls forward me the pdf format of this book. Thanks.

    • bharateeya says:


      I have sent it you by mail. It is always helpful if you mention why you are not able to download the book from the link given in the blog. I could know if there is any problem with it.

  14. Loveleshanand Sarswati says:

    Dear sir,
    If you help me in getting मुक्तावली – प्रकाश:as a pdf file in हिन्दी टीका I would be great ful to you.
    Thank you,

  15. Harshit Shrivastava says:

    Sir, this book is in djvu format. I know about the copyright reasons, but can you please provide me the book in pdf format if possible?

  16. Sajin says:

    Pls add pdf format.

  17. sasikumar says:

    yes,thanking alot

  18. Haridas Das says:

    Hare Krishna,

    I was informed by our Sanskrit Lecturer to read Shabda Manjari to begin the learning & Practice of Sanskrit language.

    I reside in Hyderabad, i urgently need a copy of Shabda Manjari. Please guide me the store or address to get the same.

    Your humble servant,
    Haridas Das.

  19. Ekagra says:


    Thank you for your wonderful website.

    Can you suggest some good and comprehensive book for building Sanskrit vocabulary?


    • bharateeya says:


      In the olden days students used to learn by-heart Amarakosa to build strong vocabulary. I don’t know of any modern book meant for this purpose. If you post your query at Samskrita Google group, you will get guidance from scholars of that group.

  20. Hum sothea says:

    This website is very useful for the Sanskrit learners as well as me. I am Cambodian and teaching Sanskrit at Preah Sihanouk Raja Buddhist University. I always pay some attention on this web in order to search some books I needed. Unfortunately, when I downloaded SubdamanjarI book and opened it, this book is missed some pages, I can not find these. That is on 36th and 37th page. I don’t know whether it is because of scanning or the original one like that. Would you please recheck the original one again and then scan those putting into the gape. I really need to know what is missed in that gape.

    Ven. Hum Sothea

    Best wish !

  21. Vinodsub says:

    I remember studying a malayalam song describing how pradhama-sapthami is used. .. athennu pradhamakkartham, dwithiyakkathine punaha etc
    Is that available somewhere to teach my son ?
    Thank you

  22. philosopher says:

    the solution is simple,remove this page. It is better not to mention any title of any copyrighted book, just link free books only.

  23. Brajakishore Tripathy says:

    download link is not active
    so no command

  24. madhu bindu says:

    sir, i have seen your site today. it is very useful for me. thank you very much. i have a small doubt can i ask you..

  25. B V Bishnu Maharaj says:

    thanks for all our Bharatiya literature to publish in ebook .

  26. Peddinti lakshmanacharyulu says:

    I want MAHAR shabda and it’s meaning with example.

  27. Lanka Radha Krishna Murthy says:

    Great service to Sanskrit Language

  28. Bala says:

    Namaste. Where can I find all these books online in pdf format?
    Reader 1
    Samskrita Vyakarana Praveshika
    Sabda Manjari and Dhatu rupa manjari

    • bharateeya says:

      These books are available at archive.org. Please search there.

      • Mohana T.N says:

        Except for Sanskrita Vyakarna Praveshika I was able to download. Please send me the link for RSV sanskrita vyakarna praveshika

        • Mohana T.N says:

          Except for Sanskrita Vyakarna Praveshika I was able to download the other books. Please send me the link for RSV sanskrita vyakarna praveshika

  29. It is undortunate that no one is mentioning the original creator of Sabdamanjari – Samaasakusumaavali, Shri Nadiminty Sarvamangaleswara Sastry (1759-1839). As his gggrandson, I published his life and works in Telugu and Devanaagari. The later was publishd by the Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series, Varanaasi.

  30. According to the original creator of Sabdamanjari – Samaasakusumaavali, Sri Nadiminty Sarvamanagaleswara Sastry (1753-1839), “samdam parameswara dattam – dhamarukaanaadena:. So it is sacrilage that the Sabda was created by a mortal. Hence he didi not gove his name in his original Sandamanjari.

  31. Kumar says:

    I want books for Sanskrit exam. I want sabda manjari. Can I download the same. Please reply

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