Sabda Manjari

Knowledge of declensions of nouns and verbs is a must for those who wish to master Sanskrit. This book, authored by K.L.V. Sastri & Pandit L. Anantharam Sastri, is a collection of sabda rupas (declensions of nouns) and has been a prescribed text book in many parts of India for decades.

What is Declension in Sanskrit (from Wikipedia)

Declension has been analyzed extensively in Sanskrit, where it is known as karaka (similar to cases in English) . Seven varieties are defined by Panini in terms of their semantic roles:

1. agent (karta, often in subject position, performing independently)
2. patient (karman, often in objective position)
3. means (karana, instrumental)
4. recipient (sampradaana, similar to dative)
5. source (apaadaana, similar, but not the same, as ablative)
6. possessor (sambandha, genitive)
7. locus (adhikarana, locative or goal)

In addition, another declension exists, known as the sambodhana (vocative). It is used to indicate the object being addressed. For example: he Rama (O Rama).

For example, consider the following sentence:
vriksaat parnam bhumau patati
[from] the tree a leaf [on] the ground falls
“a leaf falls from the tree on (onto) the ground”

Here leaf is the agent, tree is the source, and ground is the locus, the corresponding declensions are reflected in the case endings.

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Sabda Manjari — 62 Comments

    • கண்டேன்! கண்டேன்! கண்டறியாதன கண்டேன்! தாய் மொழி வழிக்கல்விக்கு ஈடு இணையேது? ஆங்கில இலக்கணம் பயின்று அதன் பின் संस्कृत இலக்கணம் பயில்வது என்பது கொக்கு தலையில் வெண்ணெய் வைத்துப் பிடிப்பதைப் போல.

  1. Pingback: வேற்றுமை உருபுகள் | Sangatham

    • Rajat,

      I have rectified the DJVU file link. You may download it in that format. As you might know, DJVU is a format similar to PDF and can be handled using DJVU Viewer. I cannot make available PDF due to copyright reasons. I could mail it to you if your are interested. BTW, this book is available as Devanagari Unicode text at Sanskrit Wikisource

  2. Namaste. I don’t have a personal computer so I store all my files on USBs. So i cannot download djvu viewer( i think) ..
    Is there a way for me to get ‘sabda manjari’ in pdf, please?
    Thanks in aniticipation

  3. Dear Sirs / Madams,
    With due respect I wanted to bring you in a notice that :-
    I am not able to download the book called sanskrit shabad manjari please help me in this regard .
    Loveleshansnd Sarswati

  4. महोदय,
    आप का अभारी हुँ शब्द मंजरी भेजने के लिए । अब मैं उसे डाऊनलोड कर सकता हुँ।
    लवलेशानन्द सरस्वती

  5. Dear Sirs/Madams
    With due respect I wanted to bring in your notice that
    I am not able to download the book Shabad Manjari sent by your team in the form of PDF file
    Hence, it is requested that please sendme the same in other in other way. So that I can take advantage of it. Thanx
    Loveleshanand Sarswati

    • Shyam,

      I have sent it you by mail. It is always helpful if you mention why you are not able to download the book from the link given in the blog. I could know if there is any problem with it.

  6. Dear sir,
    If you help me in getting मुक्तावली – प्रकाश:as a pdf file in हिन्दी टीका I would be great ful to you.
    Thank you,

  7. Sir, this book is in djvu format. I know about the copyright reasons, but can you please provide me the book in pdf format if possible?

  8. Hare Krishna,

    I was informed by our Sanskrit Lecturer to read Shabda Manjari to begin the learning & Practice of Sanskrit language.

    I reside in Hyderabad, i urgently need a copy of Shabda Manjari. Please guide me the store or address to get the same.

    Your humble servant,
    Haridas Das.

  9. Hi,

    Thank you for your wonderful website.

    Can you suggest some good and comprehensive book for building Sanskrit vocabulary?


    • Ekagra,

      In the olden days students used to learn by-heart Amarakosa to build strong vocabulary. I don’t know of any modern book meant for this purpose. If you post your query at Samskrita Google group, you will get guidance from scholars of that group.

  10. This website is very useful for the Sanskrit learners as well as me. I am Cambodian and teaching Sanskrit at Preah Sihanouk Raja Buddhist University. I always pay some attention on this web in order to search some books I needed. Unfortunately, when I downloaded SubdamanjarI book and opened it, this book is missed some pages, I can not find these. That is on 36th and 37th page. I don’t know whether it is because of scanning or the original one like that. Would you please recheck the original one again and then scan those putting into the gape. I really need to know what is missed in that gape.

    Ven. Hum Sothea

    Best wish !

  11. Sir
    I remember studying a malayalam song describing how pradhama-sapthami is used. .. athennu pradhamakkartham, dwithiyakkathine punaha etc
    Is that available somewhere to teach my son ?
    Thank you

  12. the solution is simple,remove this page. It is better not to mention any title of any copyrighted book, just link free books only.

  13. sir, i have seen your site today. it is very useful for me. thank you very much. i have a small doubt can i ask you..

  14. Namaste. Where can I find all these books online in pdf format?
    Reader 1
    Samskrita Vyakarana Praveshika
    Sabda Manjari and Dhatu rupa manjari

  15. It is undortunate that no one is mentioning the original creator of Sabdamanjari – Samaasakusumaavali, Shri Nadiminty Sarvamangaleswara Sastry (1759-1839). As his gggrandson, I published his life and works in Telugu and Devanaagari. The later was publishd by the Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series, Varanaasi.

  16. According to the original creator of Sabdamanjari – Samaasakusumaavali, Sri Nadiminty Sarvamanagaleswara Sastry (1753-1839), “samdam parameswara dattam – dhamarukaanaadena:. So it is sacrilage that the Sabda was created by a mortal. Hence he didi not gove his name in his original Sandamanjari.

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